The integration of syrias conflict with the arab uprisings, 201120 article pdf available in research and politics october 2014 with 1,267 reads. Following the 1848 metaphor, turkey emerged as the most vocal albeit unsuccessful supporter of the revolutionary forces during the arab spring, whereas iran and russia gradually emerged as the most decisive and successful supporters of the. The arab spring was a series of prodemocracy uprisings that enveloped several largely muslim countries, including tunisia, morocco, syria, libya, egypt and. The article discussed the arab spring and the uprisings it brought to leading to the overthrow longserving regimes syria. Neither receives any appreciable level of attention, which provides a useful validity check on the assumed significance of the twitter mentions. In december 2010, protests began against the autocratic government in the northern african country of tunisia. I thought it would be good to have a background on the origins of the current conflict in syria, how it started, and the history and relationships behind it. How did syrias conflict interact with the broader wave of regional protest known as the arab spring. Turkeys role in the arab spring and the syrian conflict tpq.
Its origins, evolution and consequences four years on. Syria and the future of authoritarianism journal of. The research in this book analyzes the use of the internet and social media platforms in tunisia, egypt, and syria, in order to clarify the relevance to the arab spring uprisings. Arab springstateexpanded to show the template expanded, i. The common slogan of the protesters throughout arab spring was the people want to bring down the regime aissa, 2012. Pdf in the paper the reasons of outbreak of conflict in syria at the background of social. Download pdf while many viewed the protests and revolutions in north africa and the middle east starting in december of 2010 as an arab spring, with a potential for a wave of democratization, our complexity based. Since then, the middle east has seen a transformation, but while some leaders were deposed, others remain in power. I dont need to explain the significance of the arab spring to this audience. Six years later, little remains of the hopes that the west saw in the arab spring.
The arab spring and the emergence of the syrian crisis springerlink. Turkey, the arab spring, syria, strategic depth, middle east. The popular protests resulted in changes in office in egypt, tunisia and libya whereas in syria the regime remained in power despite strong popular uprising and ongoing civil war. The dataset also includes morocco, a distant arab country which did not have a major arab spring uprising, and oman, a gulf state which did not play a major role in syria. The arab spring and the emergence of the syrian crisis. This special issue of the estonian journal of military studies titled russia, syria and the west. Syria saudi arabias king abdullah demands an end to the bloodshed in syria and recalls his countrys ambassadors. The first employs case studies to make comparisons within and between regions. The roots and causes of the 2011 arab uprisings kamal eldin osman salih abstract. The article focused on syria by analyzed the disastrous impact the arab spring has on syria, particularly on how it has affected syria security. This part of the research focuses on the root causes and consequences of the arab spring that.
Download free the arab spring book in pdf and epub free download. But the essays collected in this slim volume make a compelling case that the consequences of climate change are stressors that can ignite a volatile mix of underlying causes. Between the islamic state and the nationstate the brookings project on u. Sixyear report on the arab spring new england complex. In the midst of the arab awakening, there is a new sunnishia divide which has greatly complicated the diplomatic and geopolitical challenges facing the united states. They also wanted more democracy, and end to corruption, and economic opportunity. In the flood of newspaper articles, media documentaries, online blogs, youtube postings, and scholarly articles that followed the rebellions and worldwide protests in 20112012, there is however a remarkable feature of the protests that has remained mostly unrecognized, untheorized, and certainly not analyzed comparatively. Marxist circles and parties set up in the arab world with moscows help had little influence, and local liberation movements did not depend on the bolsheviks.
Democratization theory and the arab spring journal of. Arab spring blew away the long overdue dictatorial regimes of ben ali, husni mubarak, ali abdallah saleh and muamar ghadafi leaving behind ashes of their brutal legacies. The arab spring jason marshall introduction the arab spring is a blanket term to cover a multitude of uprisings and protests in the middle east that began in the winter of 2010 and continue today. Outline objectives definition of humanitarian assistance historyorigin of humanitarian assistance assads rise to power economic and political status of syria under assad origin of massive uprising cause and effect of uprising actionsresponse of the international. The demands of the syrian people were political reforms, a reinstatement of civil rights and an end to the state of emergency, which had been in place since 1963. Hundreds of thousands of tunisians took to the streets calling for an end to authoritarian rule.
Arab springstatecollapsed to show the template collapsed, i. Yemen, sudan and syria not forgetting israelpalestine. The arab spring and the subsequent wars in the region temporarily weakened ruling regimes egypt or led to the collapse of regional powers syria, libya, while the rise of daesh or the socalled islamic state of iraq and syria isis put the. It is easy to seek to add assad to the list of toppled despots, from tunisia to egypt to yemen to libya. The arab spring arrived in syria, and protests began on january 26, 2011. The coup in egypt in july 20 was a turning point with turkey and key. Causes of the arab spring causes of the arab spring may be described as following. Pdf when the arab spring reached syria, its pharaoh, bashar alassad, was in no mood to give up easily. Introduction for decades, the middle east has experienced persistent violence and protracted conflict. The uprising was influenced by antigovernment protests by some group of syrians.
Egypt and then libya, jordan, morocco, bahrain, syria, and beyond. Lawson have organizedarmies and insurgencies in the arab springinto three sections. Prior to the start of the arab spring in 2011, however, it was viewed as one of the more stable countries. Since the outbreak of the arab spring, its hijacking by islamist movements and western military. Raphael parens and yaneer baryam, sixyear report on the arab spring, new england complex systems institute february 24, 2017. This paper focuses on the nature and development of these arab spring uprisings in libya and syria, centering on civil war concerns in the two nations. Analysis of the arab spring 3 blunders in state response, in particular using a heavyhanded approach and trying to crush opposition, had the reverse effect of galvanising more people to join the protests icg, 2011b and 2011d. Arab spring bashar al assad syria free 30day trial. The real background to syria and the arab spring wake up. Arab spring, democratic transition, islamism, political culture, religion, secularism. The arab spring has once again demonstrated the importance of turkey for ensuring a secure and stable environment in the middle east. The arab spring and climate change does not argue that climate change caused the revolutions that have shaken the arab world over the past two years.
The revolutionary uprisings that swept the arab middle east in the 2010s are sometimes compared to the revolutionary uprisings of 1848 in europe. The purpose of the study is to give an analysis of the humanitarian situation and the case of human rights in syria after the events of the arab spring. Libya and egypt, known as arab spring, on the situation in syria was described. Arab spring used their powers vehemently to crush the demonstrators and consequently the peaceful protesters also became violent. Therefore, i thought that it was the right time to prepare this study of turkeys foreign policy towards the middle east under the shadow of the arab spring.
Focusing on these questions, editors holger albrecht, aurel croissant, and fred h. Armies and insurgencies in the arab spring on jstor. The events that began in tunisia in january 2011 and spread to. Syrian activist ahed zarzour reflects on five years of civil war and revolution. Development of conflict in arab spring libya and syria. I conclude by discussing the broader implications of international pow ers responses to the syrian crisis. Instead, that spring has given way to a winter of economic stagnation and political violence that has plunged syria, libya and yemen into bloody civil war, has led to widespread unrest in egypt, iraq and bahrain, and threatens to destabilize arab governments from morocco to saudi arabia. Arab spring research guide and notes sheet introduction. Although similar impulses have instigated the uprisings a mix of a desire for political participation and a demand for economic.
Seasons of death and white carnations, provides an internal and comprehensive view of the syrian ismailis during the events of arab spring that influenced and transformed their lives, and explores the challenges and prospects for them in. This is a sequence of events that has been long planned. The attention on escalation of tensions between bashar alassads government and opposition as a source of civil war in syria was paid. Syria this guide lists online and print sources for what has become known as the arab spring, the popular revolutionary wave in the middle east and north africa that started in december 2010. Arab spring as a background of civil war in syria in.
The arab spring and its unintended effects in syria. Since the beginning of the arab awakening in 2010widely referred to in the coverage of developments in the region as the arab spring or the arab uprisingsthe arab world has gone through massive change. The integration of syria s conflict with the arab uprisings, 201120 article pdf available in research and politics october 2014 with 1,267 reads. From the aftermath of the arab spring in the middle east to radicalisation and immigration issues in europe takes a closer look at russias activities. Syria enjoyed an improvement in relations with several of the states in its region in the 21st century, prior to the arab spring and the syrian civil war. Users may download andor print one copy of any articles in. Thi s researc h articl e attempts to scrutinize the nature and cause s of the ara b uprising s which too k people by surpris e globall y throughou t 2011 and int o 2012. Libyas second revolution by maryjane deeb the uprising that wasnt supposed to happen. The attention on escalation of tensions between bashar alassads government and. Syrian ismailis and the arab spring university of oxford.
Since the ongoing civil war of 2011, and associated killings and human rights abuses, syria has been increasingly isolated from the countries in the region, and the wider international community. Disturbances have ranged from protests to full civil war and. The wave of arab uprisings that began with the tunisian revolution of january. But it would be advisable to take a cautionary look at some recent developments, both directly linked to the crisis in syria, andor fallout from the earlier regime changes in the arab world. Syria and the arab spring one year later the revivers. Pdf arab spring as a background of civil war in syria.1189 1209 282 1370 258 1636 674 754 25 18 894 738 666 1541 619 952 335 1049 978 1187 141 379 340 39 1494 260 1042 868 922 1025 1571 1404 636 1511 1289 299 608 535 1243 674 893 570 163 1011 379 1396