Based on the statistical definition of normal as within the 95% range of values, 5% of independent tests will be outside this normal range in the absence of disease. A patients blood test values should be interpreted based on the reference value of the laboratory in which the test was done. They are also advised to continually check for updated normal ranges. The tests use a range because what is normal differs from person to person. Medical reference laboratory providing esoteric and genetic testing services, test selection guidance, result interpretation references, and continuing education for clients worldwide. Laboratory tests are procedures wherein a sample of blood, urine, other bodily fluid or tissue are checked in order to know more about a persons health. The test result values data obtained from the y hospital laboratory and the x reference laboratory are plotted on graphs and observed for any outliers. S ually report values for blood and urine tests in conventional tra ditional units. For example, the basic metabolic panel bmp typically contains 8 tests, which are used to evaluate electrolytes, glucose, calcium, and renal function.
Online mt course normal laboratory values normal laboratory values. It is also important to understand that reference ranges can be significantly affected by age and. See individual test reports for specific reference ranges. Normal lab values urine cerebrospinal fluid minimum volume 0. I hope you will find this guide useful and that it will support the excellent work the laboratory personnel have been doing in the clinics. It contains the test names, normal values, specimen types and sizes as well as descriptions for the patient preparation, special precautions, test descriptions and clinical significance. The normal values given below are just for knowledge purpose and do not consider as an only truthful source of information as every laboratory have their own reference ranges as per the population they serve. Clinically relevant abnormal laboratory test results national center for environmental health division of laboratory sciences. A technician or your doctor analyzes the test samples to see if your results fall within the normal range. Creatine phosphokinase cpk 21198 unitsl creatinine clearance crcl f.
List of medical tests and diagnostic procedures britannica. Your doctor may also compare your results to results from. Oct 16, 2012 the fact there has been a time when you may have given a blood sample, or a little bit of urine to the doctor for testing, means that you have undergone a laboratory test. Thyroid function tests thyroid iodine 1i uptake 10%30% of administered dose at 24 h thyroidstimulating hormone tsh 0. The table revises the most recently published data normal reference laboratory values. Sep 14, 2007 normal laboratory values hematology red blood cells rbc male 4.
Jan 17, 2018 443 blood serum chemistry normal values fda. Pdf normal values of laboratory tests in elderly onset. Polycythemia can result from a large number of causes, including. Mar 23, 2020 laboratory tests check a sample of your blood, urine, or body tissues. An lpn should understand the rationale for conducting specific diagnostic and laboratory tests when delivering care, as well as the implications of the results of those tests. Pdf normal reference laboratory values researchgate. Laboratory tests reference ranges 1,25dihydroxyvitamin d 1,25dihydroxycholecalciferol, serum see vitamin d metabolites 17hydroxyprogesterone, serum female, follicular. Patients with chronic medical conditions, such as anemia, might be asymptomatic. Links to relevant documents are provided in the edl by type of test. Dec, 2015 we use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. World health organization model list of essential in vitro diagnostics. The course lists common diagnostic and lab tests and values.
The units for enzyme activities are especially sensitive to such circumstances. Two further supplemental tests were conducted to test the correct implementation of the blood gas algorithm. Here we discuss the normal lab values of the commonly ordered serum tests. Many important laboratory reference values are not listed here. Normal values of human body fluidsnormal lab values lab. Page 8 of 43 20202021 laboratory services information manual testing priorities the pathology department is committed to the expeditious reporting of all tests results.
Certain groups of tests panels are commonly used to evaluate general health status or to help diagnose a suspected disorder. Compare your results to the range shown on your lab report. Oct 1, 2014 a national coverage policy for diagnostic laboratory tests is a document stating cmss policy with respect to the clinical circumstances in which the tests will be considered reasonable and necessary, and not screening. The results of the test will show if a person is within the normal lab values. Common laboratory values cheat sheet diagnostic tests are crucial in any aspect of clinical practice since they assist clinicians in establishing and determining the particular condition of the patient. Downloaded from at ut medical branch at galveston on june 24, 2016. The largest increase was noted for coagulation tests, which rose from 1. Common laboratory tests a decrease in hgb concentration means the patient is anemic. In general, the use of laboratory tests is increasing, although some tests were used less. Normal laboratory values msd manual professional edition.
Diagnostic tests provide objective information about a persons health. Below is a list of few of the commonly used normal laboratory values. Normal lab values gives both non medical readers and health professionals a fastnavigable and clearly structured overview of the main routine laboratory parameters and possible causes of their increase and decrease. Normal values of common laboratory tests daviss drug guide. Commonly used panels merck manuals professional edition. Medical laboratory tests analyze samples of your blood, body tissues, urine, or stool. Download fulltext pdf normal values of laboratory tests in elderly onset psoriatic arthritis article pdf available in annals of the rheumatic diseases 593. Laboratory values see inside back cover for continuation. Many important laboratory reference values are not listed here, because of the less frequent use of these tests. Lab reference ranges acp internal medicine meeting. The mean, sd, and cv are calculated to determine the precision of the method. Hematology is the subject where it pays off the most to understand root word meanings. V alues are reference values from texas children s hospital clinical laboratory, current as of august 2011.
Medical tests can help detect a condition, determine a diagnosis, plan treatment, check to see if treatment is working, or monitor the condition over time. Initially, you may use the manufacturers suggested reference range. Award winning pocket tool for medical laboratory tests, normal lab values reference packs in all that is needed for quick reference in clinical. This table lists reference values for the most common laboratory tests and is intended for interpretation of the results. These samples that you provide are tested by a laboratory technician, or maybe your. Medical transcription phrases, words, and helpful hints. Thus, any given result should be interpreted based on the reference value of the laboratory in which the test was done. Common analytes clinical chemistry is the branch of laboratory medicine that focuses primarily on molecules. Laboratory tests are medical devices that are intended for use on samples of blood, urine, or other tissues or substances taken from the body to. Thyroid function tests normal ranges vary thyroid iodine 1i uptake 10% to 30% of administered dose. Hematology absolute neutrophil count male 17805380l 1. Academy of acute care physical therapy apta task force.
May 14, 2019 the values listed below are generalizations. The following is a table of reference values for adults for laboratory tests commonly ordered at the massachusetts general hospital mgh and recorded in the case records. Eight steps to method validation in a clinical diagnostic. It is grouped by type of procedure and ordered alphabetically. Learn about medical tests, including what the tests are used for, why a doctor may order a test, how a test will feel, and what the results may mean. Find a comprehensive index of articles on medical tests and procedures to help manage your health. Medical laboratory tests abbreviations health medicare pdfs. Reference ranges establish the normal values for the test and should reflect the medical decision limits for clinicians. The tests in a clinical chemistry laboratory measure concentrations of biologically important ions salts and minerals, small organic molecules and large macromolecules primarily proteins. Therefore, the reference ranges shown in this table are only close approximations to the adult reference ranges found in an individual clinical laboratory. Tests used in clinical care food and drug administration. Appendix b selected normal pediatric laboratory values 1449 growth hormone s2 after infancy fasting specimen. The larger your medical vocabulary, the easier time you will have test taking. Reference lists for referred tests and new york state informedconsent tests.
Division of laboratory sciences national center for environmental health centers for disease control and prevention use and misuse of metal chelation therapy acmt conference, february 2012 normal vs. Anemia can be due to ironb12folate deficiency, blood disorders or other underlying pathology. Each lab contains important clinical information, critical lab values, differential diagnoses and etc. Cardiac troponin is a laboratory value used to determine, whether or not a patient has suffered a heart attack, whether or not a patient has had and injury to the cardiac muscle extent of damage, if normal can almost assume no damage once elevated need to follow through multiple times troponin must be measured 23 times during a 12 to 16. These values depend on the equipment or method used. Clinical laboratory reference values laboratory medicine. Diagnostic tests are often the least expensive component of the health care pathway, yet they influence more than 70 percent of health care decisions. Normal laboratory lab values results for reference by medical transcriptionists and allied health professionals.
Laboratory test normal reference ranges in adults uptodate. Laboratory values are expressed in the units used at. Capital pathology handbook interpretation of laboratory tests. Clinical laboratory reference values laposatas laboratory. Serum gel reference ranges vary with age and sex, with an increase during the teenage growing years and also with a gradual increase with advancing age. If 12 tests are performed, at least one abnormal result will occur in 46% of normal persons. While our approach can be applied to much lower or higher hematocrit regimes, we here show results from two values that.
Results that are out of range may not represent a problem. Lab test are integral to patient care and depend on cooperation and support of ward staff for accurate and timely interpretation of the results. Most of the values apply to adults and where they differ for children it will be indicated. Some types of lab tests show whether or not your results fall within normal ranges. Download a printerfriendly version of the chart here. Academy of acute care physical therapy apta task force on lab values. All practitioners are urged to consult the normal laboratory values for their local laboratory, as these may differ from those listed below. Here is the list of normal ranges of various medical tests. And increase in hgb concentration means the patient is polycythemic. Normal test values are usually given as a range, rather than as a specific number, because normal values vary.
These studies include further measurements of cell size and cell distribution, biochemical investigation, or any other test that helps diagnose the abnormality. Such values are i nserted parenthetically follo wing the result recorded in the examination question. Thus, prealbumin is a good predictor of protein and energy adequacy of the diet in the days prior to testing, and can. Pathophysiology laboratory values flashcards quizlet. Of the remaining lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme tests that. Labguide how to verify performance specifications. Reference ranges vary depending on the instrument and the reagents used to perform the test. Critical results are considered lifethreatening and require immediate notification of. Jordan and others published normal reference laboratory. Serum prealbumin concentrations fall rapidly in patients with poor dietary intake and rise to low normal values within 10 days of initiation of nutritional therapy and adequate refeeding. A group of general laboratory tests that can be used for routine patient care as well as for. Webmd medical tests az find information on medical.
Serum electrolytes may be ordered as a chem 7 or as a basic metabolic panel bmp. Screening tests for children ages 2 to 12 screening tests for teens ages 18 screening tests for young adults ages 1929 screening tests for adults ages 3049 screening tests for adults 50 and up. The listed reference ranges should be used when interpreting laboratory values. Stay current on new tests published to the test catalog, and search for test updates. This table lists reference values for the most common laboratory tests and is intended for interpretation of the results as they are provided in the examination. This book should be of help to nursing in understanding some of the more common tests which are conducted. Michael laposata at university of texas medical branch at galveston. The normal lab values are clearly arranged, alphabetically ordered and. Lab values and their meanings forward the laboratory services are very pleased to see this report. In general, the use of laboratory tests is increasing, although some tests were. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry also known as clinical biochemistry, chemical pathology or pure blood chemistry, the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. Blood, plasma, and serum reference values vary based on several factors, including the specific laboratory that supplies them. Labcorp defines critical values or panic values as laboratory test results that exceed established limit s high or low as defined by the laboratory for certain analytes as listed in the critical panic limits.
Feel free to share these collection and please share us on facebook and on other social media. Often times test questions will hinge on one uncommon term where if you dont know what it means, its going to be tough to answer the question. The normal ranges in each laboratory depend on the local population, test methodology and conditions of assay, units, and a variety of additional circumstances. I have compiled several mnemonics to help nurses from all over the world with their nursing exams. Sep 30, 2014 each commercial laboratory has its own set of normal values, called normal range or reference range on your lab report.435 320 202 226 1532 1475 83 365 526 365 1455 648 1483 515 94 428 680 238 39 482 60 344 1310 1544 207 1419 96 1197 501 87 631 347 718 1362 405 247 1043